La norme ANSI X12

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La naissance de la norme ANSI X12 :
L’American National Standards Institute (ANSI), à chargé en 1979 l’ASC (Accredited Standards Commmittee) X12 d’élaborer des normes uniformes en matière d’échange électronique de transactions commerciales entre les industries, à savoir, l’échange de données informatisées (EDI).
La norme ANSI X12 à été, à l’origine, conçue à destination des entreprises dans les différentes industries d’Amérique du Nord. Aujourd’hui, ce sont plus de 300000 entreprises à travers le monde qui utilisent la norme ANSI X12 dans leurs échanges quotidiens.
L’ANSI X12 fait également partie des messages UN/EDIFACT qui sont largement utilisés en dehors des frontières américaines.

Voici une liste (non-exhaustive) des types de messages de la norme ANSI X12 :

Gouvernement

103                  Abandoned Property Filings
105                  Business Entity Filings
113                  Election Campaign and Lobbyist Reporting
149 d               Notice of Tax Adjustment or Assessment
150                  Tax Rate Notification
151                  Electronic Filing of Tax Return Data Acknowledgment
152                  Statistical Government Information
154                  Uniform Commercial Code Filing
157                  Notice of Power of Attorney
158                  Tax Jurisdiction Sourcing
175                  Court Notice
176 *               Court Submission
185                  Royalty Regulatory Report
194 d               Grant or Assistance Application
195                  Federal Communications Commission (FCC) License Application
196 *               Contractor Cost Data Reporting
251 *               Pricing Support
280 d               Voter Registration Information
283                  Tax or Fee Exemption Notice
284                  Commercial Vehicle Safety Reports
285                  Commercial Vehicle Safety and Credentials Information Exchange
286                  Commercial Vehicle Credentials
288                  Wage Determination
500                  Medical Event Reporting
501                  Vendor Performance Review
511 *               Requisition
517 *               Material Obligation Validation
527 *               Material Due-In and Receipt
536 *               Logistics Reassignment
561 *               Contract Abstract
567 *               Contract Completion Status
568 *               Contract Payment Management Report
805 *               Contract Pricing Proposal
806                  Project Schedule Reporting
813                  Electronic Filing of Tax Return Data
826                  Tax Information Reporting
836 e               Procurement Notices
838 e               Trading Partner Profile
839                  Project Cost Reporting
996                  File Transfer

Transport

104                  Air Shipment Information
106                  Motor Carrier Rate Proposal
107                  Request for Motor Carrier Rate Proposal
108                  Response to a Motor Carrier Rate Proposal
109                  Vessel Content Details
110                  Air Freight Details and Invoice
120                  Vehicle Shipping Order
121                  Vehicle Service
125                  Multilevel Railcar Load Details
126                  Vehicle Application Advice
127                  Vehicle Baying Order
128                  Dealer Information
129                  Vehicle Carrier Rate Update
160 d               Transportation Automatic Equipment Identification
161                  Train Sheet
163 d               Appointment Schedule Information
204                  Motor Carrier Shipment Information
210                  Motor Carrier Freight Details and Invoice
211                  Motor Carrier Bill of Loading
212                  Motor Carrier Delivery Trailer Manifest
213                  Motor Carrier Shipment Status Inquiry
214                  Transportation Carrier Shipment Status Message
215                  Motor Carrier Pick-up Manifest
216                  Motor Carrier Shipment Pickup Notification
217                  Motor Carrier Loading and Route Guide
219                  Logistics Service Request
220                  Logistics Service Response
222                  Cartage Work Assignment
223                  Consolidators Freight Bill and Invoice
224                  Motor Carrier Summary Freight Bill Manifest
225                  Response to a Cartage Work Assignment
227                  Trailer Usage Report
228                  Equipment Inspection Report
240                  Motor Carrier Package Status
250                  Purchase Order Shipment Management Document
300                  Reservation (Booking Request) (Ocean)
301                  Confirmation (Ocean)
303                  Booking Cancellation (Ocean)
304                  Shipping Instructions
309                  U.S. Customs Manifest
310                  Freight Receipt and Invoice (Ocean)
311                  Canadian Customs Information
312                  Arrival Notice (Ocean)
313                  Shipment Status Inquiry (Ocean)
315                  Status Details (Ocean)
317                  Delivery/Pickup Order
319                  Terminal Information
322                  Terminal Operations and Intermodal Ramp Activity
323                  Vessel Schedule and Itinerary (Ocean)
324                  Vessel Stow Plan (Ocean)
325                  Consolidation of Goods in Container
326                  Consignment Summary List
350                  U.S. Customs Release Information
352                  U.S. Customs Carrier General Order Status
353                  U.S. Customs Events Advisory Details
354                  U.S. Customs Automated Manifest Archive Status
355                  U.S. Customs Manifest Acceptance/Rejection
356                  U.S. Customs Permit to Transfer Request
357                  U.S. Customs In-Bond Information
358                  U.S. Customs Consist Information
361                  Carrier Interchange Agreement (Ocean)
404                  Rail Carrier Shipment Information
410                  Rail Carrier Freight Details And Invoice
412 d               Trailer/Container Repair Billing
414                  Rail Car-hire Settlements
417                  Rail Carrier Waybill Interchange
418                  Rail Advance Interchange Consist
419                  Advance Car Disposition
420                  Car Handling Information
421                  Estimated Time of Arrival and Car Scheduling
422                  Shipper’s Car Order
423                  Rail Industrial Switch List
425                  Rail Waybill Request
426                  Rail Revenue Waybill
429                  Railroad Retirement Activity
431                  Railroad Station Master File
432                  Rail Deprescription
433                  Railroad Reciprocal Switch File
435                  Standard Transportation Commodity Code Master
436 b               Locomotive Information
440                  Shipment Weights
451                  Railroad Event Report
452                  Railroad Problem Log Inquiry or Advice
453                  Railroad Service Commitment Advice
455                  Railroad Parameter Trace Registration
456                  Railroad Equipment Inquiry or Advice
460 d               Price Distribution or Response Format
463 d               Rail Rate Reply
466                  Rate Request
468                  Rate Docket Journal Log
475                  Rail Route File Maintenance
485                  Rate making Action
486 d               Rate Docket Expiration
490                  Rate Group Definition
492                  Miscellaneous Rates
494                  Scale Rate Table
601                  Shipper’s Export Declaration
715 b               Intermodal Group Loading Plan
854                  Shipment Delivery Discrepancy Information
858 *               Shipment Information
859 *               Freight Invoice
920                  Loss or Damage Claim – General Commodities
924                  Loss or Damage Claim – Motor Vehicle
925                  Claim Tracer
926                  Claim Status Report and Tracer Reply
928 *               Automotive Inspection Detail
980                  Functional Group Totals
990                  Response to a Load Tender
998                  Set Cancellation

Chaîne logistique

101                  Name and Address Lists
140 *               Product Registration
141                  Product Service Claim Response
142                  Product Service Claim
143                  Product Service Notification
159 b               Motion Picture Booking Confirmation
170                  Revenue Receipts Statement
180 *               Return Merchandise Authorisation and Notification
244 d               Product Source Information
290                  Cooperative Advertising Agreements
503 *               Pricing History
504 *               Clauses and Provisions
620                  Excavation Communication
625                  Well Information
753                  Request for Routing Instructions
754                  Routing Instructions
816                  Organisational Relationships
818                  Commission Sales Report
830                  Planning Schedule with Relese Capability
832 e               Price/Sales Catalog
840 e               Request for Quotation
841 e               Specifications/Technical Information
842 e               Nonconformance Report
843 e               Response to Request for Quotation
845                  Price Authorisation Acknowledgment/Status
846                  Inventory Inquiry/Advance
847                  Material Claim
848 *               Material Safety Data Sheet
850 e               Purchase Order
851 *               Asset Schedule
852                  Product Activity Data
853                  Routing and Carrier Instruction
855 e               Purchase Order Acknowledgment
856                  Ship Notice/Manifest
857                  Shipment and Billing Notice
860 e               Purchase Order Change Request – Buyer Initiated
861                  Receiving Advice/Acceptance Certificate
862                  Shipping Schedule
863 *               Report of Test Results
865 e               Purchase Order Change Acknowledgment/Request – Seller Initiated
866                  Production Sequence
867                  Product Transfer and Resale Report
869                  Order Status Inquiry
870                  Order Status Report
873                  Commodity Movement Services
874                  Commodity Movement Services Response
875                  Grocery Products Purchase Order
876                  Grocery Products Purchase Order Change
877 d               Manufacturer Coupon Family Code Structure
878                  Product Authorisation/De-Authorisation
879                  Price Change
881                  Manufacturer Coupon Redemption Detail
882                  Direct Store Delivery Summary Information
883                  Market Development Fund Allocation
884                  Market Development Fund Settlement
885                  Store Characteristics
886                  Customer Call Reporting
887 b               Coupon Notification
888                  Item Maintenance
889                  Promotion Announcement
891                  Deduction Research Report
893                  Item Information Request
894                  Delivery/Return Base Record
895                  Delivery/Return Acknowledgment or Adjustment
896                  Product Dimension Maintenance
940                  Warehouse Shipping Order
943                  Warehouse Stock Transfer Shipment Advice
944                  Warehouse Stock Transfer Receipt Advice
945                  Warehouse Shipping Advice
947                  Warehouse Inventory Adjustment Advice

Finance

155 d               Credit Report
189 b               Application for Admission to Educational Institutions
198 d               Loan Verification Information
199 d               Mortgage Settlement Information
200                  Mortgage Credit Report
202                  Secondary Mortgage Market Loan Delivery
203                  Secondary Mortgage Market Investor Report
205 d               Mortgage Note
248                  Account Assignment/ Inquiry and Service/ Status
259 d               Error Reporting Immediate Response
260                  Application for Mortgage Insurance Benefits
261 b               Residential Appraisal Request
262                  Residential Appraisal Report
263                  Residential Mortgage Insurance Application Response
264                  Mortgage Loan Default Status
265                  Real Estate Title Insurance Services Order
266                  Mortgage Record Change
810 e               Invoice
811 *               Consolidated Service Invoice/Statement
812 *               Credit/Debit Adjustment
814                  General Request, Response or Confirmation
819                  Operating Expense Statement
820 *               Payment Order/Remittance Advice
821                  Financial Information Reporting
822                  Customer Account Analysis
823                  Lockbox
824 e               Application Advice
827                  Financial Payment Return Order/Return Notice
828                  Debit Authorization
829                  Payment Cancellation Request
831                  Application Control Totals
833                  Mortgage Credit Report Order
844                  Product Transfer Account Adjustment
849                  Response to Product Transfer Account Adjustment
872                  Residential Mortgage Insurance Application
880                  Grocery Products Invoice

b = à voter ; d = en cours de développement ; e = exécuté par le DoD EC Program Office ; * = possède une convention de mise en œuvre avec le gouvernement

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